Synthetic CBD

Synthetic CBD is Effective in Lessening Epileptic Seizures among Rats

Plant-based cannabidiol or CBD is a marijuana compound that is proven to treat induced seizures in laboratory rats. It has been found to contain anti-epileptic properties. It is still under investigation under the field of therapeutic research but people Buying and trying CBD for their own benefits.

CBD Oil Basics

It is the second richest cannabinoid that can be extracted from the hemp plant which is known as Cannabis sativa. It is widely studied for its possible therapeutic effects to counter diseases and disorders. These side effects include epilepsy, inflammation, anxiety, spasticity, anxiety, affective disorders, neurodegenerative diseases, cancers, etc.

The Food and Drug Administration or FDA of the United States recently permitted a purified form of herbal CBD known as Epidiolex. It is mainly used for treating Dravet and Lennox-Gastaut syndromes which are severe types of epilepsy in children.

Disadvantages of CBD Oil & An Alternative

Unfortunately, it also has several debilitating disadvantages that we must take into consideration namely cognitive and motor impairment, the potential for addiction/abuse due to its intoxicating effects, legal issues, psychiatric disturbances and the like. It even causes adverse health effects such as ataxia and tachycardia.

As a result, researchers from the University of Reading in the United Kingdom and the University of California Davis have chemically manufactured a non-psychoactive alternative version, which they called 8,9-dihydro cannabidiol or H2CBD. Unlike the CBD oil, this innovation is cheaper, simpler, and could even prevent legal complications as it is said to be not addictive.

H2CBD is a much safer version of CBD because it does not need the cultivation of hemp. Both the teams from the University of Reading and UC Davis have discovered a one-step process to formulate the synthetic drug. Since it is not found in the plant extracts of Cannabis it is not a controlled substance.

It can be easily produced in a laboratory and thus it would counteract the necessity to cultivate cannabis as a crop.

H2CBD Testing

The scientists tested H2CBD on an experimental rat that was chemically-induced with epilepsy using the drug pentylenetetrazole or PTZ which causes convulsions. This is to prove whether claims that the compound has anticonvulsant properties are true. Laboratory results presented that pre-treating rats with H2CBD was as effective as administering an equivalent dosage of cannabis-derived CBD oil as a pre-treatment procedure. Seizures were reported to be inhibited by the synthetic drug.

These findings depict that the anticonvulsant action of H2CBD anticonvulsant action would depend on the dosage of PTZ upon the rats.

Moreover, further studies must be conducted to prove whether H2CBD is effective and safe to use especially for humans.


The group of experts from the University of Reading and UC Davis School of Medicine is currently doing further investigations regarding the drug. They are planning to do clinical trials on human beings as soon as possible.

The University of California Davis has applied for a conditional patent on the anti-seizure or anti-epileptic use of H2CBD. To support the study and development of the compound, a company named Syncanica was even put up. It is being spearheaded by Dr. Mark Mascal who is a professor at UC Davis under the chemistry department.

Water Rats

Water Rats: Rats That Live On Land and in Water

Water rats are part of 18 specifies that are classified as rodents that can live on water and land and are carnivorous. If you have ever considered owning one as a pet, or you’re just curious, here are things you need to know.

Features of Water Rats

Water rats have many adaptations that make them able to hunt for food in the water. They are able to burrow along streams, lakes, and rivers.

They have small eyes, nostrils that can be shut voluntarily to prevent water from getting inside, and tiny external ears. Their whiskers are very sensitive and abundant. They have a thick fur that is water-repellent and is usually brown or gray color, long, wooly, and dense. Their tails are very hairy; they are hindered, wide, and long with hairless soles and webbing between their digits.

Natural History

The smallest species of water rats are the fish-eating rats of South America called the Neusticomys monticolus. They are 10-12 cm in length, and their tails are almost as long as their bodies.

The water rats with golden bellies, the Hydromys Chrysogaster species, are based in New Guinea and Australia. They are the largest species of water rats with a body length of 20 – 39 cm and a tail of 20 – 33cm. Water for pets is very important as they normally live close to freshwater lakes, rivers, and estuaries or mangrove swamps. They can also survive in aquatic habitats that are heavily polluted, though this is not their preference.

Most water rats are very good at swimming. They hunt for their prey aggressively under the water, except the Colomys gosling which is known as the water rat from Africa. They like to wade inside shallow water or sit near the edge of the water. Their muzzle is usually placed into the water to hunt snails, but on the land, they hunt terrestrial insects.

Although water rats are mostly nocturnal animals, there are some species that like to be active in the day time.

The Hydromys species of water rats live close to the mountainside or in the coastal lowlands in New Guinea, Australia, and islands near those countries. The Crossomys moncktoni species, known as the water rats with no ears, lives in the mountains in the east of New Guinea. It likes to be in streams that are fast-flowing and cold with grass or a tropical forest surrounding it. The water rat species from Africa also prefer streams with tropical forests nearby.

There are 11 species of water rats found naturally in the Western Hemisphere. They are in countries such as Mexico and all the way into South America. They live very close to streams situated in rainforests or in pastures in mountains.

The Food of Water Rats

The Hydromys species eat a wide variety of snails, aquatic insects, mussels, crayfish, and crabs. The vertebrates they eat include fish, turtles, frogs, birds, bats, bird eggs, and mice.

For other species of water rats, water for pets must be freshwater that is clear and unpolluted. Their diet consists mostly of aquatic insects, crustaceans, and sometimes, small fish.

Installing a Rodent Fence

Installing a Rodent Fence in Your Garden or Yard

A rodent fence is a barrier created to keep away rodents or prevent them from entering where they are unwanted such as in your garden or for your dog. These fences can be attached to a normal fence or made separately. In some cases, the fence is sunk into the ground to prevent the entry of rodents that gnaw under the soil.

The material underground should be hard enough as a light material can be breached by some burrowing rodents.

When to Put a Fence

Installing a rodent fence means an additional cost to your farm. Most people are usually reluctant to buy a rodent fence until they see rodents intruding on their farm or yard. This means that their existing fence is not effective enough and thus requires an additional fence.

For example, dog fences may be used to prevent your dogs from straying but could be allowing small rodents such as rabbits into the compound. In such a case, a rodent fence will be mandatory. Most rodent fences are fairly easy to construct, and you can even do it yourself!

Factors to Consider when Installing a Rodent Fence

Rodents are not like domestic animals. They require special consideration while choosing the best fence. Rodents come in different sizes and types, hence not all of them can be served by the same fence. Small rats will require a tight fence with small or no spaces, while larger ones can easily be controlled using chicken wire.

Some rodents have tough teeth that can chew on the fence material. In such cases, you should consider using tough fence material that is not chewable. Materials such as wood will be easily chewed as opposed to wires.

You can also use an electric fence to prevent chewing; however, the electric shock should only be strong enough to propel the rodents and not kill them. Remember, you might also have your animals in the yard which can also come into contact with the fence.

There are some rodents such as moles that burrows deep into the ground and can easily get in your yard using an underground passage. Such animals require an underground fence. The fence should be extended for a minimum of 6 inches from the ground. Some rodents may burrow at considerable levels under the ground.

In such cases, you should consider extending your fence to the ground to a level that will not allow the entry of such rodents. The material used should not be chewable as well. For that, we recommend using steel as the material for constructing an underground fence.


A rodent fence is not always a requirement for your home or yard, but if you notice rodents in your area, it will be the time to consider constructing a barrier. Nevertheless, a rodent fence is always a good preventive measure to protect your garden.

Rodents may come unexpectedly and damage your crops. In this case, other forms of fences such as dog fences will not be helpful, and a rodent fence will best serve you when it comes to curbing rodent population in your property.

A Guide to the Cost of Rat Exterminators

A Guide to the Cost of Rat Exterminators

Do you happen to have rats in your home? Sure, some plug in mouse repellercan work if they are few in numbers. However, rats in big numbers may mean that there’s an infestation in your home. In this case, you’ll need to avail of pest management services.

But how much do they cost? In this guide, we’ll share with you the expenses so that you’ll know exactly how much you’ll have to shell out should you want to work with a rat exterminator.

Threat Level to Take Note Of

As a general rule, the rat exterminators will charge you based on the gravity of the situation. This is usually categorized into three levels of threats – the low level threats, medium level threats, and the high level threats. We’ll talk about these 3 levels below.

Low Level Threat

First, we have the low level threat. These are the light infestations wherein the rat exterminator can most likely complete the job in just two or three days with just a few traps. For these low level threats, you’ll probably need to pay an estimated $100 to $300 for the whole job. The cost also depends on which exterminator you decide to call. Some charge more than others.

Medium Level Threat

For a more serious threat, you’ll need a rat exterminator that can visit around four times. Medium level threats will require a longer process. The exterminator has to conduct an initial inspection to see just how bad the infestation is. After that, higher level traps need to be set up in order to clear the rats. Once the rats are gone, then the rat exterminators have to seal the rat homes so that the rats won’t come back. All of these will amount to an estimated cost of $300 to $500.

High Level Threat

High level threats are for cases wherein the rats have already caused visible damage on your property. In these threat levels, it is possible to see families of rats in dark areas around the house, specifically basements and attics. These rats will also make their way up to the other areas and chew on objects as well as food.

If the rat exterminator deems your case to be of a high level threat, then they’ll need more than just traps. They’ll also need some rodenticides and other equipment needed to seal key areas where the rats stay. They will also need to return from time to time to finish the job and check on the area. This will easily cost you around $1,000 or even higher.


When it comes to pest management, you need to be prepared to spend money depending on the situation you are in. Upon the initial inspection, the exterminator will tell you he severity of your rodent problem and will create a breakdown of expenses based on that. The cost will usually fall under one of the price ranges we have mentioned depending on the range and the case.

Mouse Cage

Turning an Aquarium into A Mouse Cage

Aquariums can actually be used as a mouse cage. You may opt to upcycle your long-forgotten aquariums at home or purchase a new one at your nearest pet stores. Wondering how you can turn it into one? Worry no more! We’ll teach you how.

How It’s Done

Purchase an Aquarium Tank Sufficiently Big for A Mouse

They would need a lot of ground area. In instances where you are only caring for one, you can purchase a best fish tank filters that’s at the very least roughly 12 in. or 30 cm. in height, 12 in. or 30 cm. in width, and 18 in. or 45 cm. in length. In short, a tank that can hold around 38 L or 10 US Gallon of water.

Shallow and spacious tanks are the most optimal since this gives the mouse a lot of area for running around. This is also beneficial for the air to circulate much better.

However, if you are caring for more than one mouse, you ought to purchase a larger one. Put an additional 0.5 cubic feet of area for every added mouse living inside the cage.

Clean Out Reused Aquariums

In the event that you opt to reuse your aquariums, where other fishes and other mice may have lived in before, make sure to thoroughly clean it before using it. After this, rinse the tank using cool water. Be sure to properly wipe the sides and bottom using a clean piece of cloth.

Utilize a glass scraper when removing hard to reach and difficult deposits left inside the tank. To get the best results, always make the glass part of the tank wet before you start scraping it.

Disinfect The Tank with A Water and Bleach Solution

One of the main problems with fish tank management is cleanliness. After you are done with cleaning the dirt out of the aquarium and wiping it thoroughly, spray on a mix of one part bleach and nine parts water unto every surface of the tank. Allow the mix to sit inside for about 10 until 15 minutes. Once you have done so, rinse it very thoroughly. Even if the tank you are using is new, always disinfect to guarantee its hygiene and safety. Next to the rinsing and cleaning is letting the tank dry.

Remember that when cleaning the tank, you must not use bleach that has a detergent mix to it. This is because detergents almost always leave behind residues that are not safe for the mouse.

Place Some Kind of Secure Lid with Great Ventilation

Perhaps one main concern with regards to using these aquariums as a substitute for mouse cages is the initial thought that utilizing a tank will mean poor ventilation. This is why to make sure that air passage is not compromised, find a lid made out of wires or a tank lid to ensure the ventilation and maintenance of the cool temperature and humidity.

The holes between the wires of the lid must be 1.3 cm. or 1.5 in. or smaller so as to prevent insects and other particles from getting inside the tank as well. The temperature and humidity should also be at 40% to 70% for the mouse’s comfortable living.

About Your Pet Rat

12 Facts You Didn’t Know About Your Pet Rat

Rat are not common pets to have as dogs or cats due to the many misconceptions about them. Contrary to the general opinion that pet rats are dirty, without any odor control and carry lots of diseases, they make great pets and are clean, affectionate, easily-trained and sensitive creatures.

Twelve Amazing Facts About Your Pet Rat

The Whiskers and Tummies of Rats Are Sensitive

It is not advisable to rub your pet rat’s tummy. Rats are different from dogs, and tummy- rubbing is only advisable when you’ve gained your rat’s trust completely.

When you stroke its face, follow the direction of the whiskers, stroking backwards, going towards the direction of the ears. Rats do not feel comfortable when their whiskers are pulled forward.

Best Petting Spots Are Head, Ears, Back

Rats enjoy being pet on their head, rubs on their ears, as well as light scratching along the back.

Avoid petting their tail, or the area close to it because it is a sensitive spot.

Rats Have Mood Swings

Your rat can sense your feelings. If you are tense, afraid and anxious, your rat will sense it and reflect your mood.

It is advised that when you spend time with your rat, you radiate good emotions.

Spend time with your pet when you are happy, calm and excited.

 Rats Are Wild

Rats have an inherent wildness in them, and they will continue to be wild, and sometimes even attempt to bite you.

This behavior is reduced by gentle and frequent human interaction. Talk to your pet calmly and gently every day and soon, he will trust you completely.

Rats Grind Their Choppers

Your pet rat will grind its teeth when its happy or stressed. Do not worry about it – this habit keeps its teeth maintained at a good length.

Your Rat May Be Hairless (And That’s Okay)

Not all rats have fur. Some rats are Double-Rex, meaning both parents were Rex rats. These rats are hairless.

It is better to keep them together with rats that have fur so they don’t get cold.

Rats Have Really Bad Eyesight

Rats away gently while they stand in one spot. They do this to detect movement, because they really don’t see very well.

Rats Have Different Looks and Personality Depending On the Gender

Male rats are bigger than female rats. Female rats have softer furs and love to move around a lot, while the male rat will sit quietly and let you pet it more.

 Pine or Cedar Shavings Are Toxic for Rats

Pine and Cedar shavings have phenols, which can harm your rat by causing kidney, liver, and respiratory diseases. Using these shavings as your pet’s bedding is extremely toxic.

Use aspen or paper shavings for your rats instead; they are much safer.

 Rats Love to Socialize

If you want your rat to be truly happy, get another rat to keep it company. You can get two female rats or two male rats, or a group of rats of the same sex.

Baby Rats Love to Play

They play with each other by jumping and wrestling themselves to the ground. They love to aim at each other’s napes and rub it. They usually begin playing at 18-2o days old.

 You Can Adopt a Rat from an Animal Shelter

Rats are frequently brought to the animal shelter, but many people don’t adopt them. If you are looking for a pet rat, start by asking your shelter first.

Catch Rats

Ways to Catch Rats

Catching rats, in its most literal sense, may not be as easy as one might think. For some reason, they always seem to be around. The problem is they are far from pets; they are pests. They are not like dogs which we can keep under a best invisible dog fences. Despite Stuart Little being cute and all, real rodents are destructive, unhygienic, and extremely poisonous. Did you know that rat discharge can cause death?

Fortunately, many things have been invented to catch these rats and keep people and their homes safe. Below are some of the things you can do if you find yourself and your house having rat problems.

Traps to Use:

Snap Trap

In cartoons and movies that involve mice, you will see snap traps, more commonly known as mousetraps, plenty of times when characters try to catch their rodents. It’s basically the first thing that will come to your mind when you hear about trapping a rat. It’s also pretty simple to use. There will be bait, most often cheese, and while the rat runs to get its prize, that’s when strings will snap, trapping the rat.

The advantage of using this certain trap is that snap traps are relatively cheap and they are really effective. However, they are not advisable if you have children staying with you. The snaps are extremely strong; they’re so strong that they can actually hurt human body parts, children’s little fingers in particular.

Cage Trap

Cage traps work almost the same way snap traps do. Bait is still involved; it’s placed inside the cage. When the rat goes inside to take the bait, snaps would automatically shut the cage down, trapping the rat inside. Cage traps are not as big and strong as dog fences are, but they sure get the job done. The advantage of cage traps over snap traps is that they are more ideal with children in the house. They are also less gruesome to look at. The disadvantage is that it’s not the right trap to use when you do not want to deal with live rats.


Flypapers, contrary to its name, is specifically designed to entrap rats, not flies. These are literal sheets of paper containing extremely sticky glue on its surface. Two things can be used as bait: the first one is your normal bait like cheese and the second one is the trapped rat itself. The moment the rat gets on the paper’s surface, it will be impossible for it to escape. It won’t even be able to really move at all. As for the rat being the bait itself, there are times when other rats come to rescue, especially mother rats, not understanding that they themselves will get trapped, too. It’s a pretty simple yet effective trap. However, using and putting flypapers all over your house can be inconvenient for you, too. There is a high chance that some of you walking around would step on it. Moreover, getting rid of the flypaper can be quite challenging given that its glue works on human skin, too.


These ways can all be inconvenient and quite unhygienic, but they sure are better than letting even one rat loose in your house.

Safe to Own Cats

Is it Safe to Own Cats and Small Furry Pets at the Same Time?

Every pet has its own personality, and having more than one usually leads to a mess one way or another. Now, on the topics of cats. There’s no doubt we love our furry babies even when they get too clingy at times and then ignore us for cat trees for large cats.

Due to that, animal lovers alike should do their best to maintain some sort of order in the household through training and containment. Still, any degree of difficulty can be dealt with because no matter what we do, we can’t resist not having that dose of cuteness every day.

Their independence, however, also comes with their predatory nature. This fact may pose a challenge if you’re thinking of having another little addition to the family.

Having a New Furry Baby

Caring for small pets had become increasingly popular over the years, and this means you got plenty to choose from. Some of them are hamsters, guinea pigs, rabbits, and fancy rats. They can be energetic, some more than others, but their presence in your home will surely make your cat curious.

It will incite the hunter instinct of your good ol’ buddy, and things can get messy; therefore, you need to set the precautions before everything else.

Testing the Waters

You know your cat better than anyone else, so do a test run on how it reacts to smaller animals. Is it aggressive? Is it playful? Observe how your cat approaches the smaller animal’s cage when seemingly unsupervised.

Comparatively, observe how it reacts when you give the smaller animal attention. Your cat’s personality will be one of the major determining factors as to what small furry pet you should get.

Meeting Halfway

Cats can be caged, but only for litterbox training, taming, and quarantining. Otherwise, it is not advisable. Felines can get playful and are not as messy, so it is best if you leave them to play with their cat trees and scratching posts.

As for the other small furry pets, containment is recommended. You see, your pets will somehow find their way to some obscure corner in the home, and a cat may respond to your call; a hamster might not.

Therefore, you want to consider the following:

  • Terrariums as housing – you need something sturdy. Glass walls, a solid base with shredded bedding, and a gnaw-proof mesh wire lid cover will do the trick. If it’s something your cat can flip over, it’s not safe enough. The size will depend on the type of animal, but place it within your line of vision. That way, you will notice when your cat tries to get at it.
  • Schedule outdoor time – your little critters will need their time in the sun, so you have to bring them out into the yard. There are portable enclosures on the market, and hamster balls are an option as well. You can take them out with your supervision, and you can keep your cat indoors for the time being.
  • Allocate your attention – avoid giving the smaller animal too much attention or your cat might retaliate out of jealousy. Give your cat plenty of your time and provide it with toys to satisfy their knack for hunting. Cat trees can do the trick, as they can pounce around and pretend they’re hunting their stuffed toys on it. Just be careful to keep it at a considerable distance from the smaller animal’s cage.

With that being said, we wish you luck with your furry babies!

Pet Rodent Online

How to Choose a Pet Rodent Online

Gone are the days where pet owners are left to choose between a dog and a cat as their pet because that’s what seems to be the norm. Nowadays, there are different pets you can choose from like rabbits, snakes, or even rodents similar to like CertaHosting packages. If you are interested to get your first pet rodent or you want to have another one, read on to find out how you can pick your own online.

Why Choose a Rodent as a Pet?

Rodents are generally quiet and sweet pets. They love to hang out and can easily identify their owners by smell and sight. Also, contrary to what other people believe, rodents are clean and groom themselves on a regular basis.

As an owner, you can train them to use a litter box because they do not like sleeping on soiled bedding. However, even if they seem to be independent pets, they still need their owner’s attention and time because they like being social and would like to be cuddled from time to time.

How Do You Choose?

You have to consider each characteristic that a rodent has and what will potentially suit your lifestyle. Not all of them can be treated the same way as the other, so a little research can help while searching for your own. In particular, some rodents are solitary and are active at night while others, like a guinea pig, are recognized as tame and active during the daytime.

If you finally decided to purchase online, always check the credibility of the website and if it is supported by a web hosting platform that is secure enough to input your payment and private details with. Additionally, keep in mind to check the health of the rodent before taking it.

It is quite challenging to revive a sick rodent back to its normal state, so it is best to buy one in a reputable store where they take really good care of the pets to avoid having problems in the future.

What Are the Popular Rodents?

Once you’ve decided to buy a rodent online, here are the most common types you want to consider:

Guinea Pig

There are different breeds you can choose from, but guinea pigs are often chosen as a family pet as they are easy to tame and not aggressive.


A hamster can get frightened easily, causing it to be in defensive mode. Additionally, biting is very common with this type of rodent. It is best to expose them socially as early as possible so they’ll be able to adjust to new people easily.


Mice are nocturnal, thus it is not ideal for those who don’t have time to take care of them at nighttime where they are most active. Like hamsters, they are great escape artists, but when handled well, they can be affectionate to their owners.


They are amicable and get along well with a small group due to their social nature. Gerbils do bite when provoked, hence they should be handled carefully. Overall, they are good family pets and are active enough to be a companion for older kids.


Unlike other rodents, rats can be easily trained to perform tricks because they are intelligent and easily intrigued by things around them. They are perceived as dirty but they are clean pets who love to groom themselves.

Healthy Diet for Rats

Rats require:

A healthy and balanced diet that meets any nutritional need they have

Most commercial pellets are packed with nutrients and roughage to keep your rats full and healthy. However, avoid overfeeding them. An obese rat is prone to health problems.


Rats may get fed up with the same type of food. Offer them with treats and occasional variations such as fruits and vegetables. Rats are omnivores, it’s fine to feed them either plant-based or meat products as long as they’re not toxic to them. Cooked eggs and seeds can also be part of their daily rations.

Clean and fresh drinking water

As with all animals, rats also require constant hydration. Keep their drinking water fresh by supplying clean water every day. Make sure your rats are never thirsty.

Non-stale and fresh food twice a day.

Replace uneaten food with new ones. Remember to avoid overfeeding them.

Eating their own feces

Don’t panic when you see your pet rat eating their newly excreted feces. It’s totally natural and this allows them to absorb the necessary nutrients and minerals. Preventing them from doing so may lead to nutritional deficiencies.

Foods placed in open bowls

Heavy and shallow ceramic bowls are preferable to avoid tipping over.  Also, metal bowls produce ultrasonic waves, which can disturb their sense of hearing. Placing food in open bowls allows your pet rats to carry their food or handle it with ease.