Rats are very social and highly intelligent animals. They are also quite active. To be able to take care of your rats in the most optimum way, you should know what they need. These are the following:
Sleeping without disturbance. Rats can be stressed if they have a noisy sleeping environment. Avoid placing their cage in a location where there is a lot of noises and activity during the daytime. Also, do the usual handling routine at night. Whether it be feeding, cleaning the cage, or interaction.
Places for exploration in their cage. Rats are active animals, and they require an hour worth of daily exercise. Keep their home cage entertaining. You can do this by giving them chewing ropes, ladders, or cardboard tubes.
Opportunities to forage or play. The young ones can be very active and quite playful. Allow them to explore a room with no dangerous or fragile obstacles. You can also let them free in your house as long as they are under supervision. Make sure there are no tiny gaps and holes for them to escape or get stuck in.
Options. Don’t force your rats to do anything. Allow them to do their thing at their own pace. You’ll know they are frightened if they urinate and defecate in new environments. If you noticed their distress, return them to their cage.
Kindness from their handlers. Never torment or punish them. If you are training them, avoid hurtful or negative reinforcements. Rather, reward them with treats if they have done something good. Rats have a great memory span. They’ll remember, and they learn from experience.
Avoidance of trimming their whiskers. Rats use their whiskers to sense objects and to maintain a sense of balance.
Mental Stimulation. Rats are clever, and they get bored easily. Provide their cages with toys and safe obstacles. Also, keep them entertained by playing with them regularly.